Auto Manual of VW Passat B5
The maintenance instruction
- 1. Maintenance service
1.1. Technical characteristics
1.2. Periodicity of service
1.3. Engine oil
1.4. Exhaust system check
1.5. System of cooling of the engine
1.6. Spark plugs
1.7. Plums of water from the fuel filter (diesel engines)
1.8. Replacement of the fuel filter (diesel engines)
1.9. Check of tightness of hoses and вытекания liquids
1.10. Replacement of a filtering element of the air filter
1.11. Condition check поликлинового a belt
1.12. Klinovye belts
1.13. Measurement of deterioration of gear belts on diesel engines
1.14. A box of transfers / the main transfer
1.15. Check of a protective cover of a power shaft
1.16. Visual check of tightness of a transmission
1.17. Check of level of oil in a mechanical transmission
1.18. Oil check in the main transfer of automatic transmissions
1.19. Check/replacement of level of oil in an automatic transmission
1.20. Check of a forward suspension bracket and a steering
1.21. Check of dustproof covers of hinges of a forward suspension bracket
1.22. Shock-absorber check
1.23. Radiator check
1.24. Check of electric chains
1.25. A brake liquid
1.26. Check of lobbies brake колодок
1.27. Check back brake колодок
1.28. Check of brake hoses
1.29. Check of cables of a manual brake
1.30. Check of level of a liquid in the steering amplifier
1.31. The dust filter
1.32. The storage battery
1.33. Hinges of doors
1.35. Brushes of screen wipers
1.36. Check of a starting position of the lever of a screen wiper
1.37. Check of an angle of slope of the lever of a screen wiper
1.38. Battery replacement in a remote control key
1.39. Service-indicator zeroing
3. Cooling system
4. Fuel system
5. Engine management
6. An exhaust system
8. A running gear
9. A steering
10. Brake system
11. A body
12. Heating, ventilation
13. An electric equipment
The accumulator is a device for energy storage in the chemical form which can be used as электриче ство.
The accumulator works thanks to that two various metals, being in an acid solution, develop an electricity.
The accumulator possesses absolute efficiency at 27 S.Pri–18 about efficiency of the same accumulator falls to 40 %. Now to start the engine, it is necessary to have more than twice more energy, than it was necessary at 27 With.
Starting capacity (starting amperes) shows ability of the accumulator to start the car in the conditions of very cold weather. It shows quantity of amperes which develops the accumulator within 30 seconds at–18 With without a power failure more low 7,2 volt (a minimum level demanded for reliable start). The above this indicator, the more starting capacity of the accumulator.
Reserve capacity shows extent of time in minutes during which the accumulator provides 25 amperes at 27 with S.Etot the factor represents time during which the accumulator ensures functioning of all auxiliary devices in the car at night and in the conditions of bad weather at the faulty generator of a charge.
In winter conditions at–18 With and more low the accumulator it will be bad to be charged in connection with increase of internal resistance. At short trips in the winter the energy spent by the accumulator on start, is not compensated. As a result the accumulator works on deterioration, is constantly discharged and eventually, refuses.
In summer months after long trips the engine strongly heats up, and often happens that it is difficult for starting anew. Such "hot starts" sometimes demand as much capacity, how many and at cold weather, or it is more. It especially extends on высококомпрес сионные engines with the big working volume and cars with conditioners. It once again underlines importance of a correct choice of the accumulator according to the car engine.
Check of level of electrolit
Arrangement of labels for check of level of electrolit in the storage battery
The storage battery under normal conditions car operation almost does not demand service. At an air heat it is recommended to check from time to time electrolit level in the battery. Also it is necessary to check electrolit level at a battery charge. It should be always between labels MIN and a MOVE, put on the longitudinal parties of the battery, fig. the Arrangement of labels for check of level of electrolit in the storage battery see.
At decrease in level of electrolit it is necessary to add in corresponding banks the distilled water to a mark the MOVE. It should be made before the electrolit will fall below mark MIN.
Do not pour electrolits above necessary level, otherwise the electrolit will follow through a ventilating aperture. It can lead to damage of a paint and varnish covering and to body corrosion.
After доливки electrolits it is necessary to close densely corresponding storage banks stoppers.
If the car at very strong frosts throughout several weeks is not maintained, it is necessary to remove the storage battery and to place it in storage in a heated premise that it has not frozen and thereof has not collapsed.
At a charge a small current (for example by means of low-power зарядного devices), are not present, as a rule, necessity to disconnect connecting wires of onboard system of an electric equipment. In any case it is necessary to follow instructions of the manufacturer зарядного devices.
Before the accelerated charge that means a charge the big current, is necessary both wires connecting the battery with onboard system of an electric equipment from the battery to disconnect.
We recommend not to put any more on the car once the frozen and thawed storage battery as the battery monoblock can have in a crack owing to ice education at battery freezing.
– All data from a memory of the routeing computer is erased;
After connection of the storage battery to an onboard network you should establish anew hours as with стрелочной, so with digital indication.
Further you should restore functioning of automatics of full lifting and lowering of glasses.
Besides, you should initialize anew memory of a driver's seat, differently there will be no storing of adjustments.
The radio receiver established on manufacturer can be resulted in a working condition only by means of input of a corresponding code – the Management on using a radio receiver "see".
Installation of the storage battery
Probably, the most important, on what the buyer should pay attention, are characteristics of the accumulator. Their three. The first – rated voltage, it at all batteries identical, and it is impossible to be mistaken. At purchase it is desirable to check up the accumulator a loading plug. The second – the capacity measured in amperes/hours (A/h), means, roughly speaking, the quantity of the electric power stored in the accumulator. On capacity depends, as it is long possible to twist a starter the engine, is more exact – how many it is possible to make attempts to start the engine. The accumulator price is almost directly proportional to its capacity. And the third characteristic – a starting current (it is measured in amperes,), i.e. A current submitted on a starter during start-up. On its accumulators can specify on four different systems: GOST (on domestic), EN (the standard of Uniform Europe), SAE (the American standard) and DIN. Last, German standard, is closest to ours STATE THAT and on the majority of the European batteries is put "by default" i.e. when the standard system is not specified. The it is more, the faster and with большей force the starter will turn the engine.
It is better, if you buy the accumulator with those characteristics which are specified in the maintenance instruction of your car: so it will serve to you longer at the minimum expenses. It is possible to save and buy the accumulator of smaller capacity, but it will serve you less than usual term and it is bad to cope with winter start. Having bought the battery even ненамного большей capacities, you will not win in service life, since. Constant недозаряд the accumulator will lead сульфатации plates, and will lose in money. To take a great interest in the raised starting current also does not follow: will burn a starter. Replace oil in the engine is better, and problems with start will not be.
Lately the country market is overflowed by the poor-quality goods and fakes. Accumulators are not an exception. There are some signs on which it is possible with sufficient accuracy to distinguish the original from a fake. The first and, perhaps, the main thing: on the accumulator the country-manufacturer and letting out factory should be necessarily specified, it is better, if with the address. The second – manufacturing date that is very important, if the accumulator filled in should be specified. Characteristics sheet, and here instruction presence should be applied on each battery it is unessential. It is connected by that in the West accumulators almost do not sell at retail, they are established by experts at service stations. The third – the qualitative accumulator is inconceivable without качествен ного cases, good stoppers and smooth выводных the plugs quite often greased with technical protective greasing from oxidation and covered from above with colour plastic caps.